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RELICS OF ARCHAEOLOGY

Nova Slvaryava lands made a part of a geomorphologic area in Roztochchya Hillside - the most distant edge of the Podil plateu, which crosses the Ukrainian border in the Northern West.


Burials of the String Ceramics culture
(the end of the 3rd Millennium B.C.)

Waters of Roztochchya flow down to the basin of the Western Bug, Dniester and San, have marshes widening in some lowlands. Due to natural barriers on their way one can see a number of waterfalls.

Hydrosystem of Nova Skvaryava is rather specific. A considerable number of flows go out of the Swine and Rata rivers sometimes taking diametrically opposite directions.

Erosive (sculptural) relief of Roztochchya is made of hills with roundish shapes. Absolute altitudes are 380 - 400 m above the sea level and achieve 50 meters above the level of lowlands. The highest hills on the territory of the village are Shavleva (360 m), Lysa (385 m), Krukova (390 m), Vezha (393 m) and Mogyla (395 m).


Stone tools found in a Neolithic settlement.

Geomorphologic specificity of Nova Skvaryava is a combination of two different in their nature zone named Roztochchya and Minor Polissya contacting in the North - Western suburbs of the village. It resulted in a complex combination of different ethnocultural phenomena. Cultural and spiritual achievements are transferred from the ancient settlement of Western Zabuzhzhya to the Upper Dniester area and vice versa.


Potter's furnace. Prince's age (X century)

Nova Skvaryava soils are characterized by a certain variety, a combination of the following types: turfy - ashy, loany, grey and dark grey, forest - steppe, ashy and black soils. The last which can be found on the slope edges of valley terraces encircling numerous streams in the village belong to the most favourable agricultural lands since the most ancient times.


The scheme of the Prince's town of Shchekotyn.
(X - XIII c.c.)

Archaeologists have investigated all territory of Nova Skvaryava which is one of the best studied areas not only in Lviv Region but in the whole Roztochchya. The total number of archaeological relics found here is 25 and they belong to different periods in the history of the region. Three settlements have been found on the territory of the village built during the Neolithic Age (Ceramics culture) in the beginning of the IY millennium B.C. , a settlement of the Bronze Age (Tyshynetsko-Komarivskia Age) and two settlements of Vysotska culture (early Iron Age) existing between the second half of the 2nd Millennium B.C. and IX - YIII c.c. B.C. respectively as well as two settlements of from Chernyakhivska culture (III - Y c.c. B.C.).


The rampart of the Prince's town of Shchekotyn.
(X - XIII c.c.)

9 old Rus settlements of XI - XIII c.c. have been found within the boundaries of the village. A similar concentration is not occasional. First, in the second half of the II Millennium small country - homesteads with several houses prevailed in the rural architecture of Western Pobuzhzhya and Upper Prydnistrovya. Second, they were located near the picturesque town of Shchekotyn (the village of Glynske, Zhovkivskiy rayon) and made a part of socio-economic structure aimed at providing ruling classes with agricultural products , iron items and pottery. Rich deposits of ore and high quality clay were found here.


Potter's of the Prince's age.

That is why excavations in the village of Huta, where Lviv archeologist R.Chaika investigated the potter's furnace are very promising.

A Necropolis of the Shnurowa Ceramics culture (the end of the III Millennium B.C.) containing 21 0,5 - 3 m high hills with diameters of 12 - 25 m, has been found in the suburbs of the village. At this moment this is the most numerous group of relics of the early Bronze Age in the territory of Roztochchya.

2005-2010